Automatic mount hard drive or usb stick on Raspberry Pi

Requirements:

  1. As a first step you need to update the package lists of Raspbian and install the drivers for NTFS and HFS+.
    sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get -y install ntfs-3g hfsutils hfsprogs
  2. Create a new folder in the directory /media in which you later on will mount the memory stick or USB hard drive. You can name the folder as you like, however, do not use special characters or spaces. Furthermore, change the owner of the folder to pi. In case you use a different user name you need to replace pi in the command below by the name you use.
    
    sudo mkdir /media/usbhdd
    sudo chown pi /media/usbhdd
    
    “In oder to attach a file system a mount point has to exist. A mount point is an empty folder through which additional file systems are mouted and accessed.” ubuntuusers.de
  3. Attach the storage medium to the Raspberry.
  4. Now you need the path to the partition of the storage medium (in this case it is /dev/sda1).
    sudo fdisk -l

  5. For the moment you manually include the storage medium with the following command. Replace /dev/sda1 with the path to the partion of the storage medium that we just figured.

    Ext4

    sudo mount /dev/sda1 /media/usbhdd

    NTFS

    sudo mount -t ntfs-3g -o uid=pi,gid=pi /dev/sda1 /media/usbhdd/

    HFS+

    sudo mount -t hfsplus -o force.uid=pi,gid=pi /dev/sda1 /media/usbhdd/

    FAT32

    sudo mount -t vfat -o uid=pi,gid=pi /dev/sda1 /media/usbhdd/

    From this point on you can already access the storage medium with cd /media/usbhdd/.</>

  6. We need the UUID of the hard drive that the storage medium will be automatically mounted after a restart. Enter the following command into the console:
    sudo blkid

    USB HDD UDID

    “UUID stands for Universally Unique Identifier and is a standard to identify information in computers.

    Each Linux file system has a UUID through which it can be identified. As an alternative the file systems can be identified through a device file /dev/sdaX but the labels can change in this case.
    ubuntuusers.de

  7. Open the file fstab with the Nano text editor
    sudo nano /etc/fstab

    and add one of the lines for your file system. Replace the UUID that you determined in the previous step. Exit the Nano editor afterwards with Strg+x (Win) ctrl+x (Mac) and confirm the changes with y or j ( depending on your language settings.

    
    #Ext4
    UUID=13aa0627-fb13-4d2f-8d3f-53aea43b9439  /media/usbhdd  ext4  defaults  0  0
    
    #NTFS
    UUID=10BF-F2D6 /media/usbhdd/ ntfs-3g defaults,umask=000,users 0 0
    
    #HFS+
    UUID=10BF-F2D6 /media/usbhdd/ hfsplus defaults,umask=000,users 0 0
    
    #FAT32
    UUID=10BF-F2D6 /media/usbhdd/ vfat defaults,umask=000,users 0 0

    More information about fstab can be found here.

Done! You can now access your files on the usb hard drive or memory stick and the drive will be mounted automatically after a restart.

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